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Title: Estudo das Transformações Sócio-ambientais na Ilha Grande/RJ: uma abordagem sobre o turismo
Keywords: Cultura caiçara;  Unidade de conservação;  Turismo;  lha Grande (RJ);  Meio ambiente;  Culture caiçara;  Unit of conservation;  Tourism;  Ilha Grande (RJ);  Environment
Issue Date: 24-Nov-2001
Abstract: With the construction and pavement of BR 101 road (Rio Santos) followed by the acellerated populational growth, São Paulo north coast"s and south of Rio de Janeiro"s economy started to be supported by the "tourist sector" expansion. The residential buildings multiplied, the commerce, the supplying and infra-structure services arouse in the local communities new consume necessities. Beyond the expropriation caused by the growth of estate speculation and by the region"s touristic valuing, the `caiçaras" (shore inhabitants) have been exproprieted by law. This paper presents a study of the social and environment transformations started by the deactivation of the "Presídio da Ilha Grande / RJ" (Ilha Grande"s state prison) pointing out na ordenated development of local tourism. The research happened in Abraão Village (Ilha Grande) within june and july, 2000. At the begining a opinion poll was made only with the intention of bringing information for the construction of the study"s object with 300 (three hundred) forms, in order to detect the resident"s and tourist"s profile, as well as their interest in the preservation or rescue of the local culture as an attractive for the tourism.In the next period, a deep and controlled interview was carried out, with the oldest residents of Abraão, guided by the qualitative research method. This paper means to supply subsidy for a quality tourism exploration at Ilha Grande/RJ, that for its proximity of the continent, has suffered some modifications, not only in its ecosystem but also cultural ones. After 16 (sixteen) years living with those people, we observed that without the tourism, the local community will suffer serious difficulties. Its believed that the "Instituto Penal Cândido Mendes" at Ilha Grande, deactivated in 1994, has been a brake in the tourism development in the island. Focusing the Abraão district, it was possible to better caracterize the area"s study and the two social segments contemporaneous to the caiçara"s population (the immigrants and the tourists). These are the changes that make part of the study"s object and will establish the questions for new researches witch can contribute as a base to the tourism development of the place. The proposal presented could be useful, suggesting parameters that can define a policy for a possible development of the population"s quality of life, concerned with the maitenance of the local environment heritage, as a cultural legacy in respect to the "social" of the traditional communities.
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