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Title: Orações adjetivas: uma abordagem funcionalista
Keywords: Funcionalismo;  orações adjetivas;  ensino;  língua portuguesa;  gramática.;  functional linguistics;  relative clauses;  the learning process.
Issue Date: 21-Mar-2006
Abstract: A study of the relative clauses of the Portuguese language, having the functional linguistics theory as its basic support. The functional theory is mainly represented in this study by Hopper & Traugott (1993), Votre, Cezario & Martelotta (2004), Furtado da Cunha, Oliveira & Martelotta (2003), Neves (2001) and Taylor (1989). The relative clauses are analyzed with emphasis on their functional aspects, considering the interdependence between semantics and syntax and also from a perspective of studying the language from a continuum point of view. Special attention is given to the iconicity principle, grammaticalization process and linguistic categorization. The analyses are based on data collected in public and private schools in Niterói, in order to observe the pragmatic-semantics aspects involved and to verify how students, in general, interpret and classify the relative clauses when they are presented both in their prototype and non prototype form. A questionnaire was given to the teachers to be filled in and some exercises were applied to students. From the theories presented by the functionalism, the contents presented by the descriptive grammars, the grammar coursebooks analized, joined with the analyses and answers made by the students about the exercises they were submitted to, this study aims to discuss and reflect about the interpretation and categorization of the non prototype relative clauses. At the end, a proposal is presented to discuss a new way of interpreting the non prototype relative clauses.
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