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Title: Entre histórias, fotografias e objetos: imigração italiana e memórias de mulheres
Keywords: Imigração italiana, 1870- 1940;  Imigrante italiano;  Civilização;  Influência italiana;  Memória coletiva;  Mulheres;  Memória familiar;  Coleções fotográficas;  Objetos;  Deslocamentos transnacionais;  Brasil;  Aspecto histórico;  Transnational migration;  Italian migration;  Women;  Family memory;  Objects;  Brazil
Issue Date: 15-Aug-2008
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to analyze the history of the great Italian migration to Brazil, which took place between 1870 and 1920. In those years a group of families left the small village of Oneta, in Tuscany, for the district of Nª. Sª. do Amparo, in the state of Rio de Janeiro, and later for the city of Passa Quatro, in the state of Minas Gerais. The migration process was especially reconstructed by means of the memoirs of Brazilian and Italian women alike, as these are the holders of family memories using the so-called memory boxes as memory aid. In these boxes photographs and small personal items have been collected and preserved over time, making up a narrative. Having belonged to or portrayed their ancestors, these family relics are proof of the peninsular origin of these immigrants and connect the village of Oneta to Brazil. The central argument sustained by the thesis is that the Italian identity among Brazilian descendents is built within the private/intimate world, and later projects itself towards the public universe. The memory practice is based on the work developed by the women, who display their memory boxes during family reunions and tell the stories of their ancestors journey to Brazil, thus continually updating the memory of the family group and connecting the two extremities involved in the migration process.
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