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Title: A palavra perplexa : experiência histórica e poesia no Brasil nos anos 70
Keywords: Literatura e história;  Ditadura militar;  Memória;  Aspectos sociais;  Repressão política;  Poesia;  Cultura contemporânea;  Trauma histórico;  Modernidade brasileira;  Experiência histórica;  Linguagem;  Brasil;  Historical experience;  Poetry;  Military dictatorship;  Brazilian modernity;  Traumatic memory
Issue Date: 14-Sep-2007
Abstract: This work seeks to understand the historical experience of Brazil under military dictatorship in the 1970s by proposing written poetry as the research source material. It is a historical study of culture that delves into poetic diction to extract signs of how the experience of history was seen and felt. Theoretical reflections are made on the pertinent concepts and problematic questions of the relationship between modern poetry and History. Also, the significance of historical experience is taken into account. Crossing from the characteristics of historical context to poetry interpretation, this study discusses 1968 as the year that left a special mark on Brazilian culture and analyzes the main poetic voices of the period: the interrupted and underground voice of the poets who made the transition from Tropicalismo to the poetics of the experience, since the cultural effervescence of 1968 was traumatically throttled and new questions were put to subjectivity and to language when the military regime hardened. The suffocated voices of what is called marginal poetry are marked by the alternative production and distribution of poetry books, in their problematic resistance against the cultural industry and the political regime. Asphyxia became then a major to describe the suffering experienced by diverse social sectors in dialogue with the crisis of the national development and modernity in Brazil. The arrested voices of those who were silenced, imprisoned and tortured are manifest in this poetry that testifies to the rupture occurring in the country under State terrorism as well as to the dialectic of memory and forgetting in situations derived from historic traumas. By and large, the poetic images point to the interval condition of this lyric, facing to the incommensurability of changes in historical experience throughout the 1970s together with the general perplexity that left wakes in Brazilian culture.
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