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|Title:||Evolução sedimentológica e paleoecológica da plataforma carbonática do parcel dos Abrolhos, Bahia, Brasil|
|Keywords:||Sedimento; Paleoecologia; Produção intelectual; Arquipélago dos Abrolhos (BA); Sedimentologia; Mineralogia; Foraminífero bentônico; Geoquímica; Sudoeste do Atlântico; Paleoecology; Sedimentology; Mineralogy; Benthic foraminifera; Geochemistry; Southwest Atlantic|
|Abstract:||The Complex Reef of Abrolhos , located in the State of Bahia, Brazil, is the most important coral reef ecosystem of the South Atlantic due to its great biodiversity and importance for carbonate and biogenic sediment production. The purpose of this work was the study of palaeoecological and sedimentary evolution of this system along the late Quaternary by the use of standard benthic foraminiferal methods besides physical and geochemical analysis. This analysis was conducted on a two-meter-long core (AB05-1), which was collected at a twenty-three-meters water depth at a carbonate platform to the east of the Abrolhos Archipelago. It was suggested that some changes in the sedimentological and organic matter inputs might have caused changes on the benthic foraminiferal community, as a result of climate and oceanographic variations at different spatial and time scales within the last five thousand years. The core was transversally sectioned and sub-samples at each two-centimeter was retrieved totalizing ninety samples, from which four were sampled to be dated by the 14C method. Moreover, some granulometric, mineralogic, Total Organic Carbon (TOC), total nitrogen, C/N ratio, besides 13C and 15N isotopes analyses were conducted to the paleoecological analyses. The foraminifera were washed, through a 0,063mm mesh sieve , picked up, identified and separated in trophic groups. After the radiocarbon dating the sediment at the base of the core was found to be 5.230 years (cal. B.P.). The grain size decresed toward the top of the core, what suggested lower hydrodynamic conditions to the recent. The organic matter results suggested an increase of TOC and further increase of total Nitrogen, which consequently diminishes the C/N ratio and suggested an increase of phytoplankton and/or increase of coral reefs productivity from the nearby goblet shape structures of the chapeirões . The δ13C values ranged from -21 to -18 in all parts of the studied core, suggesting the non-existence of continental land influence on this system along the studied period. Simbiont-bearing foraminifera (Peneroplis and Archaias) diminished toward the top of the core, and heterotrophic genera (Miliolinella and Cornuspira) as well as stress tolerant genera (Bolivina, Elphidium and Ammonia) increased. This could be related to changes observed in grain size and organic matter, what can be linked to regional alterations, such as changes in wind, and climate patterns, and sea-level oscillation along the years. However, it could have been the result of a local factor caused by the evolution of the coral reef structure during the late Quaternary along the last five thousand years. In conclusion, the use of faunistic parameters with geochemical and physical studies on the sediment showed a good resolution on the paleoecological evolution of the carbonate platform on the Abrolhos Archipelago.|
|Appears in Collections:||TEDE sem arquivo|
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