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Title: Metodologia para captura e acondicionamento do rádio presente na matriz industrial fosfogesso
Keywords: Radioatividade;  Radioisótopos;  Hidróxiapatita;  Flúorapatita;  TENORM;  Radioactivity;  Radioisotopes;  Hydroxyapatite;  Fluorapatite;  TENORM
Issue Date: 30-Aug-2010
Abstract: The redistribution of radioisotopes found in some industrial by-products, by the increasing of the natural radioactivity, represents a serious problem for the health and for the atmosphere. The production of phosphoric acid from natural phosphate rock by the wet process gives rise an industrial by-product called phosphogypsum where the radioisotope 226Ra is preferentially deposited. There are an annual production about 12 million tons and a stock of more than 80 million tons of phosphogypsum in Brazil. The present work aims to determinate the 226Ra radioactive activity present in a phosphogypsum sample, an efficient extraction method, development of a methodology for pré-concentration of the 226Ra by sorption in exchange ions columns and compare the global efficiency of the hydroxyapatite and the fluorapatite in its packaging, in order to turn possible the removal of the 226Ra from the phosphogypsum, by-product of the fertilizers industry. As results, the average of the concentrations of radioactive activity found for the 226Ra in the phosphogypsum samples was of 168±11, with extraction efficiency of (82±31)%. Activated charcoal presented sorption (32±3)% higher than the chelex-100 resin in the pré-concentration of the 226Ra. For its packaging, hydroxyapatite and fluorapatite, presented satisfactory results, with similar global efficiencies around (49±24)% and (52±28)%, respectively, at laboratory level. If the found values were extrapolated to the original stack, with estimated activity of (8,4±0,6)x1010 Bq the packaging, in any of both materials, could remove about (4,5±2,6)x1010 Bq.
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