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Title: Composição da matéria orgânica nos sedimentos superficiais da Várzea do Lago Grande de Curuaí, Pará, Brasil
Keywords: Lignina;  Carbono;  Plantas vascularizadas;  Várzeas
Issue Date: 27-Feb-2007
Abstract: The approach applied in this study focused in characterizes the organic matter composition in plants and sediments of Várzea do Lago Grande do Curuai floodplain among white water and black water lakes. As a vascular plant tracer it was used lignin phenol composition through cupric oxide degradation under basic conditions analysis. To a better interpretation it was used a secondary data from elemental (C/N) and isotopic ( 13C) analysis. The results from possible organic matter sources to lake sediments, showed higher amount of a non-leaf origin indicated by syringyl phenol ratio normalized to vanillin (S/V) to Echinocloa spectabilis (Mutim); Echinocloa polystachia (Capim Canarana) and Capim (non-identified). However, higher value of C/V ratio coupled to the high S/V values found to Echinocloa polystachia (Capim Canarana) was related to its aquatic behavior allowing a more leaf growth against a terrestrial type as Echinocloa spectabilis (Mutim) with a more structure phenol necessity typical of a terrestrial grass. The Gramínea (ni), Pistia stratiotes (Alface d'Água) and Eichornia crassipes samlpes presented higher C/V ratios values, characterizing a more leaf material typical of aquatic plants. The epiphyton sample indicated a mixture composed by both aquatic and terrestrial plants. Those alochthone versus autochthones sources added to the degradation conditions determined the composition of organic matter deposited. The superficial sediments samples results appeared to be influenced by the forest low land proximity, the Amazon River influence and by the interconnection among the productivity of the floodplain lakes. The black water lakes Curumucuri e Açaí presented a high alochthone organic matter contribution from the drainage of the neighborhood forest. Differences found in degradation rates were related to the hydrological function of those black water lakes. Açai lake showed a higher degradation rate in relation to Cumurucuri Lake that presented a less degraded organic matter due to a higher influence from floodplain system. The organic matter from white water lakes sediments presented a high autochthones proximate sources (aquatic plants) and less alochthone ultimate source (terrestrial plants). Exception were found to Sale Lake with the influence of the neighborhood forest drainage and also from the contact of Amazon River. Among white water lakes, Lago Grande de Curuai, Poção, Santa Ninhã, Salé e Lago Grande do Poção, it was found differences in degradation rates, related with water circulation, where a more Amazon River influence showed a less degraded rate.
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