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Title: Acúmulo de metais-traço no sedimento e em organismo da megafauna bentônica na Baía do Almirantado, Ilha Rei George, Antártica
Keywords: Metais-traço;  Antártica;  Megafauna bentônica;  Fator de Bioacumulação;  Geoquímica;  Trace Metals;  Antarctica;  Benthic Megafauna;  Bioaccumulation Factor;  Geochemistry
Issue Date: 31-Jul-2008
Abstract: Once the Antarctic environment has low recovery rates, the recent growth in the touristic and scientific activities is a serious issue for the scientific community. Few studies have tried to establish the links between the presence of contaminants and the antarctic biota. The contamination may be related to human or natural processes, and be monitored trough the benthic communities. These communities have a direct relation with the contaminants sources in the sediment. The present work analyzed the trace-metals levels found in the sediment and two circumpolar benthic megafauna species in Antarctica, the starfish Odontaster validus and the Antarctic clam Laternula elliptica. The objective was to establish if these species can be used as environmental indicators. Five stations was occupied during the austral summer of 2005/2006, between 15 and 40m deep, in the Antarctic Special Management Area of Admiralty Bay, George King Island: 1) Comandante Ferraz Antarctic Base; 2) Botany Point; 3) Punta Ullman; 4) Punta Plaza and 5) Refúgio II. Analyzes were conducted to quantify the presence of Al, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Cd, Ba, Pb and Zn, both in the sediment and organisms. The metals concentrations vary in the different body compartments. Larger concentrations of (Mn, Ni, Cd, Ba, Pb) trace metals and Al macronutrient were found in the body walls of O. validus. Cu, Cr, V and Zn showed larger concentrations in the stomach and the Fe macronutrient in the caeca pyloric. For L. elliptica, larger trace metals (Mn, V, Ba, Cu) and macronutrients (Fe and Al) concentrations were found in the sifon, while Cd, Ni, Pb and Zn showed larger concentrations in the kidney. Cr presented larger concentrations in the remains compartment. The concentrations of trace elements in both O. validus and L. elliptica were not influenced by the body size (total individual weight).
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