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|Title:||Avaliação da relação entre indicadores microbiológicos de toxicidade e a biodisponibilidade de metais em um ecossistema costeira (Baía de Sepetiba-RJ)|
|Keywords:||Baía de Sepetiba; Atividade bacteriana; Extração seqüencial; Sedimento; Bioensaio; Metais; Biodisponibilidade; Toxicidade; Sepetiba Bay; Bacterial activity; Sequential extraction; Sediments; Bioassay; Metals; Bioavailability; Toxicity|
|Abstract:||The possible relations between metal bioavailable forms and microbiological indicartors of toxicity are currently poorly understood. This study aims to evaluate the relationship between geochemical and microbiological indicators of metal toxicity in sediments from Saco do Engenho (Sepetiba Bay, Brazil). The geochemical partitioning of Cd, Zn, Pb and Cu (following the BCR method) and toxicity indicators (enzymatic biomarkers, bacterial energetic demand and bacterial biomass) were evaluated in bottom sediments and in a sediment resuspension bioassay. In the bioassay, these variables were also evaluated, besides pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature and dissolved metal concentrations. Sediment samples generally presented trace metals in the oxidized form (associated with Fe and Mn oxides). Maximum trace metal concentrations were found near Saco do Engenho (22 mg kg-1 Cd, 3855 mg kg-1 Zn, 20 mg kg-1 Pb and 18 mg kg-1 Cu), indicating that it still is a major source of Cd and Zn to the bay. The sums of BCR method phases extracted for each metal and the bacterial energetic demand presented a significant positive correlation and were considered as the better indicators of metal bioavailability and toxicity. In the bioassay, the higher activity of the esterase enzyme and metal concentration peaks coincided at 192 h of resuspension, suggesting that bacterial activity influenced metal mobilization to dissolved phase in a greater extent than physicochemical variability. In such experiment, the microbiological indicators were limited when bioavailable metals reach lethal levels. Therefore, it was concluded that geochemical and microbiological markers are limited when applied individually to evaluate metal pollution impacts.|
|Appears in Collections:||TEDE sem arquivo|
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