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Other Titles: Control factors of nitrous oxide emissions(N2O)From aeration tank of wastewater treatment plant.
Keywords: Óxido nitroso;  Processos de tratamento de esgoto;  Ciclo do nitrogênio;  Efeito Estufa;  Fatores de emissão;  Emissão de gases do efeito estufa.;  Nitrous oxide;  Wastewater treatment processes;  Nitrogen cycle;  Greenhouse effect;  Emissions factors;  Greenhouse gases emissions.
Issue Date: 20-Oct-2011
Abstract: The study of nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from wastewater treatment processes has become necessary and urgent in the last years due to its contribution to global climate change, since this gas is responsible for 6% of the global greenhouse effect and will become the main ozone-depleting substances (ODS) of the 21st century. Few studies have quantified the direct emissions of N2O from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and literature shows a wide variation in the emission factors (EFs) obtained by them. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories suggests an EF to estimate N2O emissions from WWTP of 3.2 (2.8) g N2O person-1 yr-1, which corresponds to 0.035% of total nitrogen emitted as N2O. Emissions of N2O from a full-scale activated sludge process was determined from January to July of 2010 during measurement campaign at a municipal WWTP in the State of Rio de Janeiro that treat roughly 14,700 m3 day-1 with an average influent removal COD for the period of study of 73% and total nitrogen load (TN) of 46 mg N L-1. The most important operational parameters leading N2O emissions in WWTP were also studied, namely, dissolved oxygen concentration (DO), nitrite (NO2 -) concentration, pH and temperature. The largest emissions of N2O were observed when DO concentration was between 1.3 and 3.4 mg L-1, pH between 5.9 and 6.5 and temperatures above 30oC. While lower emissions occurred in DO concentrations below 1.0 mg L-1 and above 4.0 mg L-1, and at pH above 6.5. Total estimated annual flux of N2O is 4.1 x 105 g N2O yr-1 and the EF of N2O estimated per capita, wastewater flow and the influent TN load are 8.1 g N2O person-1 yr-1, 8.0 x 10-5 g N2O L(wastewater)-1 and 0.12%. The per capita EF estimated exclusively for the aeration tank is almost 3 times higher than that proposed by the IPCC (2006) for N2O emission inventories for countries that predominantly have advanced centralized WWTPs with nitrification and denitrification steps.
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