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|Title:||SEPARAÇÃO EM FASE SÓLIDA PARA A DETERMINAÇÃO DE ÂNIONS POR CROMATOGRAFIA DE ÍONS EM AMOSTRAS SALINAS, AMBIENTAIS E DA INDÚSTRIA DE PETRÓLEO|
|Other Titles:||Solid phase separation for the determination of anions by ion chromatography in saline samples, anvironmental and oil industry|
|Keywords:||A análise de efluentes hipersalinos ainda é um problema analítico a ser resolvido. Atualmente, tem ocorrido um grande aumento da demanda para caracterização de águas de alta salinidade, tendo em vis; Ion Chromatography; cationic exchangers; high salinity water; chloride; anions.|
|Abstract:||The analysis of hypersaline wastewater is still an analytical problem to be solved. Currently, there has been an increased demand for characterization of high salinity water, considering that this is one of the largest discharges of oil industry. Because of this, analytical methods for their characterization have been developed extensively, and among them we have the ion chromatography, where different types of anions are quantified. However, it is possible to use this technique, it is crucial that the withdrawal of these matrices hypersaline chloride. This separation can be accomplished in advance through the use of cartridges sold, however costly. Thus, studies have been developed with ion exchangers which are used to treat different types of sample matrix. For the treatment of salt matrices studies with cationic exchangers treated with silver, such as Amberlite IR 120 and Dowex W50 were performed showing to be efficient in the removal of chloride ion. Samples of different salinities were eluted through mini columns filled with these resins treated with silver. However, its use leads to a column of silver ions that are also effectively removed the medium, using mini columns filled with resins in the form of hydrogen, so that the analytical column is not affected. Comparisons with commercial cartridges retention of chloride and silver were performed, proving the efficiency of the method. Tests for retention of the analytes were performed and showed that the first rate of L retains much of the work of anions in both resins in the study as 0.5 μL commercial cartridges.|
|Appears in Collections:||TEDE sem arquivo|
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