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Keywords: Matéria-orgânica;  Razão (C/N)a;  Isótopos;  Liginina;  Organic matter;  (C/N)a ratio;  Istopes;  Lignin
Issue Date: 12-May-2011
Abstract: The change of land use through urbanization and the replacement of natural vegetation (C3 plants) for pasture (C4 plants), promotes modifications in the composition of organic matter, affecting its quality, which is subsequently leached into rivers and deposited in the sediment. This study aims to evaluate the anthropogenic and mangroves influence on the quality and quantity of organic matter stored in bottom sediments in river and estuarine portions of the São João and the Ostras River. The sediment samples were dredged in July 2009 from three different regions of each basin: the portion of river, mangrove and estuary. Samples were analyzed for particle size, d13C, carbon, nitrogen, (C/N)a and lignin. The predominance of coarse sediments was observed in the inner estuary and mangrove in both basins. The (C/N)a ratio and d13C values reported for Ostras River basin indicate that the river portion has C3 plants as its primary source. The regions of the inner estuary and mangrove showed no significant differences. The portion of river and estuary in the São João River suggest that both regions have soil organic matter as its main source. Values found in the inner estuary show a mixture of sources (phytoplankton and sewage) in this region. The São João River showed a higher (Ac/Al)v ratio, indicating a higher microbial oxidation when compared to the Ostras River. The S/V and C/V ratios for the Ostras River were higher than those of the São João River, showing that the former has a greater contribution of angiosperm leaf than the latter. According to the results observed, we can conclude that S8 showed higher values for the mangrove in both basins. Despite of the high anthropogenic impact in the two watersheds studied, with change of land use through urbanization and the replacement of natural vegetation, it was not verified a modification that could significantly affect the quantity and quality in the composition of organic matter.
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