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Other Titles: Evaluation of processes responsible for the wmission of N2O from an organic soil in Manguariba- RJ
Keywords: Óxido Nitroso;  Gases do efeito estufa;  Solo;  Nitrous oxide;  Greenhouse gases;  Soil
Issue Date: 8-Jul-2011
Abstract: The global warming caused by greenhouse gases like CO2, CH4 and N2O resulting from agricultural activities and flooded soils has motivated numerous studies in many countries, seeking to quantify the contribution of different systems on greenhouse gas emissions. The objectives of this study were to elucidate the mechanism of production of greenhouse gas, nitrous oxide (N2O) in a secondary forest area located in downtown Manguariba (Rio de Janeiro) and determines if these emissions occur accompanied by processes of nitrification and denitrification. To make this possible, there were four sampling campaigns followed by incubation experiments of soil in the laboratory and chemical analyses of soil before and after incubations. Measures of barometric pressure variation in PVC chambers under controlled temperature were carried out using a variation of a pressure gauge manometer tube into "U" for four incubation experiments and a sensor which measures the pressure variation barometer / sensor / datalogger (Baro Diver) during the third and fourth experiments. N2O concentrations were determined by gas chromatography. In the first year of sampling, samples of water were taken from a tributary of the Rio Guandu, which can be a source of sewage pollution for this soil, because in the rainy season the water in this tributary reaches the sampling points. Chemical analysis was performed for determination of NH4 + and for analysis of nitrate ions. Data generated by the chemical analysis determined the rate of net nitrification, mineralization / assimilation which occurred during the incubation periods and correlated these rates with the production of nitrous oxide. Nitrification at a constant rate proved to be dominant in the experiment where there was a greater production of N2O. In other experiments, however, nitrification remained dominant followed by denitrification in two other experiments, in which gas production was very small and even zero, indicating the reduction of nitrous oxide to N2. Denitrification was very dominant in only one experiment and was followed by nitrification possibly because there was a small N2O production during this incubation. The experiment with the barometer / sensor / datalogger (Baro Diver) was carried out to confirm what would be the dominant process along these incubations. With this sensor we observed nitrification-dominant production of nitrous oxide. There were no correlations between the flow of N2O emitting in situ and flow generated during the incubation periods. We also observed that the effluent water from the Rio Guandu sample showed high concentrations of nitrate and ammonia and can be considered as a source of inorganic N to this soil.
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