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Other Titles: Mercury deposition record over the past 150 years on the Cabo Frio continental sheef-SE Brazil.
Keywords: Mercúrio;  Ressurgência;  Produtividade primária;  Mercury;  Upwelling;  Primary productivity
Issue Date: 28-Feb-2013
Abstract: Research has attributed the enrichment of Hg in sediments due to changes in primary productivity and climate. In the oceans, the concentration of this element undergoes intense variations due to seasonal oceanographic phenomena that increase primary productivity and carbon flux to the sediments. This study aimed to calculate the flow of mercury in the sediments of the continental shelf of Cabo Frio, listing possible effects of local hydrodynamics on the deposition and geochemistry of this element. Four cores was collected (BCCF10-01, BCCF10-04, BCCF10-09 and BCCF10-15) and dated by measuring the activity of Pb210. Mercury concentrations were performed trough of Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (CVAAS). Variables such as total organic carbon (TOC), Fe and Mn and particle size were also determined. Isotopic techniques and molar C:N were employed to characterize the organic matter in sediments. The silt-clay predominated in all four cores collected. The TOC content varied from 0.7% to 2.7%, an average content of about 2% for the entire length of the shelf. The molar ratio C: N ranged from 6.78 to 9.95 and δ isotopes 13C and 15N δ varied from -22.38 to -20.98 and 3.07 to 7, 36. This indicates that the OM deposited in the sediments of the continental shelf is mainly marine. The concentrations of Fe and Mn ranging respectively from 3.25 to 8.21 and 0.12 to 0.23, both showed soft oscillations along all profiles. The% of total S ranged between 0.08 to 0.46% and had a tendency to increase with depth in the four cores collected. Mercury showed a distribution with large vertical oscillations in the four profiles collected. In BCCF10-09 the Hg has showed a strong correlation with Mn, which demonstrates the importance of this element in the geochemistry of Hg in oxidizing environments. Mercury flows on the continental shelf of Cabo Frio ranged from 0.46 to 20.0 ng cm-2 year-1 and showed a temporal variation similar to that found in different regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with a strong tendency to increase from 1900. However, in this study the Hg fluxes were greater compared with the values in literature. It suggests that Cabo Frio upwelling s can be an important source of Hg for the region. The highest average Hg flux was obtained in the BCCF10-09, this fact can be explained by the dynamics of thermal fronts that can favor the organic and inorganic material accumulate.
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