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Other Titles: Diagenetic Processes of Metals in pore water of the marine sediments at Cabo Frio Region, RJ
Keywords: água intersticial;  metais;  matéria orgânica;  zonas redox;  Cabo Frio;  pore water;  metals;  organic matter;  redox zones;  Cabo Frio
Issue Date: 26-Mar-2013
Abstract: The study of mineralization of organic matter in marine sediments has been investigated in several locations around the world for decades, mainly due to the great influence of this process of the change concentrations both nutrients and metals (Fe, Mn, V, Cd, Cu, Ni, Zn , Ba) dissolved in pore water of these environments. Thus, the release of dissolved species in the interstitial water can favor the availability for water column. However, few studies have quantified the concentrations of these dissolved species in interstitial water of marine sediments of the brazilian coast. Measurements of TOC, TA, C/N, δ13C and grain size were done on cores (short and long) in 3 points (P01, P09 and P15) in the region of Cabo Frio to characterize the sediment present in the study area. The results showed a predominance of material of marine origin at all points and similarity between the profiles found at P01 and P15. The determinations of Mn and Fe dissolved in the pore water showed the presence of zones of organic matter degradation within the sedimentary column by reduction processes of Mn (IV) and Fe (III), respectively, at all points. However, only the long core of point P09 (where were found the highest values of TOC, silt and TA) was identified process of reduction of SO42-, as evidenced by high concentrations of S2- dissolved. The reduction of Fe concentration, as the concentrations of Cu below of the detection limit in this profile indicates precipitation of sulfides stable. The concentration of Ni below the limit of the detection, also in this profile, suggest that this metal can be co-precipitating with sulfides Fe. The low concentrations of Ba dissolved in reduction zone of SO42-indicate that this does not occur dissolution of barite during this process of organic matter oxidation, suggesting that the activity sulfate reductive is not intense. The increases in concentrations of PO43-, Cd, Cu, Ni and Zn were identified in zones reduction of Fe, indicating processes desorption of oxides and hydroxides of Fe and mineralization of organic matter. The increases concentrations of V in zones of degradation at all points showed relationship of this metal with mineralization of organic matter.
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