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Title: A biopolítica da fome na contemporaneidade: a invisibilidade da vida nua dos famintos e a valorização do animal laborans nas narrativas da revista Veja
Keywords: Miséria;  Fome;  Biopolíticas;  Michael Foucault;  Revista Veja;  Poverty;  Hunger;  Biopolitics;  Michael Foucault;  Veja magazine
Issue Date: 30-Apr-2013
Abstract: This thesis analyzes the journalistic narrative about poverty especially hunger as a symptom resulting from poverty considering the journalistic discourse as an indicator of the ways in which society perceives and absorbs this question. The social phenomenon of hunger and poverty is examined as power device in the globalized world of the late twentieth century and early twenty-first century. The unfortunate scenario in which millions of people are occurring amid the paradoxes of contemporary capitalism, which puts consumerism as a moral value while excluding much of the population of the economic game. The subjects of this thesis are analysed under the concept of animal laborans, created by the germany philosopher Hanna Arendt at 1958; under the concept of biopower, elaborated by french philosopher Michael Foucault in the 1970's; and too under concept naked life, from the italian philosopher Giorgio Aganbem, presented at 1990's. With the combination of this three perceptions is possible to promote a deep reflexion about some of big paradoxes in the contemporani capitalism. To support this hypothesis empirically, the research object chosen is formed by reports about hunger and poverty, published between the years 1968 and 2012 in Veja magazine printed weekly with the largest circulation in Brazil and oldest in this segment. The thesis defended here detects and examines, through the analysis of these reports, some naturalization of persistent hunger problem in contemporary society, which despite all the advances and achievements in the field of human rights, individual freedoms and even the economic and technological advances not taking measures to solve these problems that still affect much of the population worldwide. In addition, certain discourses currently circulating with increasing force, represented by Veja magazine reports show that hungry people are responsible for their own situations of misery, especially they do not correspond to the ideal of individual entrepreneur, who directs the contemporary society. At the same time, they are considered essential to the rights included in an attempt to reduce the sequelae lifestyle consumerism supported and driven by the movement of global markets, a system which was called by Gilles Deleuze societies of control . In this analysis, we observe the transformation in journalistic narratives during the period analyzed. Initially influenced by the idea of the state of social welfare, the reports about these issues are focused on politics and ethics. With the rise of neoliberal ideas, however, it is possible to identify the approach taken by the journal over the past two decades, which follows a trend seen in other similar publications, issues of interest to consumer-citizens at the expense of the analysis with social focus.
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