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Title: O desafio da articulação entre a formação em saúde e a integração ensino-serviço
Other Titles: The challenge of integration between health education and the teaching-service integration
Keywords: Educação;  Saúde;  Pessoal de saúde;  Serviços de integração docente-assistencial;  Instituições acadêmicas;  Education;  Health;  Health personal;  Integration services instructor;  Academic institutions.
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2013
Abstract: Studies about the training process of health professionals have occupied a significant place in scientific events and publications, especially after the implementation of the Unified Health System (SUS), the National Curriculum Guidelines (DCN) and after the implementation of the Strategy of Family s Health. However, in different analyzes, it is noted that these twenty years of SUS, both by part of training institutions as part of health services, it is recurrent a disconnected attitude, a discontinuity of action between the training scenarios and the professional practice. The training in SUS and for SUS defended by DCN, for the training of health professional is still restricted to the theoretical area. The objective of this study is to identify the perceptions of the scholarship students and preceptors of the PET-Saúde Project on the teaching-service integration in the training process for SUS; Analyze the contribution of the Education Program for Working in Health (PET-Saúde) in the training process of health professional; Develop and implement an educational technology as a proposal of sensitization and training of nurses from the Municipal Health Service (FMS) of Niterói to exercise the preceptorship. The methodology used is descriptive and exploratory, a qualitative approach. The subjects were 7 graduating students from health courses at UFF: Nursing, Medicine, Nutrition, Pharmacy, Dentistry and Physical Education, all scholarships of PET-Saúde Program, and 9 preceptors/professionals of the services participants of this same Program. Held during the year of 2012, counted on Health Units of Niterói City-RJ that welcomed the PET-Saúde. Data collection occurred by observation and interview. These were analyzed using thematic analysis by grouping the information according to common characteristics generating 4 categories: 1) The essentiality of teaching-service integration in health education , 2) The health education and the challenging process of building the teaching-service integration , 3) The multiple faces of the teaching-service integration and 4) The PET-Saúde as a space for articulation and reflection about the IES . In this sense, the practices of health care, both can be understood as an individual action, or as a collective work process, or both ways of thinking and doing can coexist in the same space. Anyway, generate conflicts, raise possibilities, reveal weaknesses in the relations and require frequent reorientation for a democratic expression, critical and reflective in health promotion. It can be concluded that despite the complexity in the relation between the education and the work areas, is feasible and possible to be achieved. The concern to introduce on the agenda the discussion about the social and the political roles of the professional in the training process must be constant, permanent, as well as the need to create strong connections whichpromote the permeability between the knowledge and the traffic between the coming and going of information. The participation of the health training institutions and the public entities that offer health services in actions that seek to effect the proposals of training in SUS and for SUS as contained in the programs as PET-Saúde, is set a new possibility of approach to the health-disease process, the reorientation of practice, the rapprochement of the SUS guidelines, the appreciation of the multiprofessional approach, the interdisciplinary and the community as a partner.
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