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Title: Distribuição de Metais Pesados em Moluscos e Sedimentos nos Manguezais de Coroa Grande e da Enseada das Garças, Baía de Sepetiba, RJ
Keywords: Geoquímica Ambiental;  Metais pesados;  Manguezal;  Sedimentos;  Moluscos;  Baía de Sepetiba, RJ;  Coroa Grande, RJ;  Enseada das Garças, RJ;  Heavy metals;  Mangroves;  Mollusks;  Sediments;  Sepetiba Bay;  Brazil
Issue Date: 2-Oct-2003
Publisher: Universidade Federal Fluminense
Abstract: The concentrations of mercury (Hg), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) were determined in superficial sediments and in the bivalve mollusks Anomalocardia brasiliana and Mytella guyanensis in two mangroves ecosystems in Sepetiba Bay, in Coroa Grande and in Enseada das Garças, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The concentrations of metals weakly-bound to the sediment (extractable in 1M HCl) and the pseudo-totals concentrations (sum of weakly-bound and strongly-bound,50% aqua regia-extractable fractions) in sediments were compared with the concentrations of heavy metals found in each species of mollusks in the studied sites. Metal concentrations in mollusks were compared with the size of the organism to evaluate possible differences in the concentrations of metals related to the size of the organism. The use of these organisms as biological monitors in environmental monitoring programs was discussed. Results show that the concentrations of heavy metals in both the weakly-bound and pseudo-totals concentrations were higher in the sediments of Coroa Grande, probably because the proximity with the main sources of contamination. Moreover, the circulation of Sepetiba Bay waters shows that the Coroa Grande area accumulates the particulate matter transported by bay waters more quickly than Enseada das Garças area. The concentrations of heavy metals did not present significant orrelation with the size of Anomalocardia brasiliana, while there were negative correlations between metals and Mytella guyanensis size. Significant differences in the metal concentrations in the species studied occurred among the two sites. Comparing the concentrations of heavy metals found in the sediments and in the organisms, it is observed that these species can be used in environmental monitoring programs. However, factors as differences in the assimilation for each type of heavy metal in different species, size of the organism and characteristics of the sediment should be taken into account.
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