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Other Titles: Diagenesis and burial of phsphorus in sediments from different areas in Baía de Sepetiba
Keywords: Diagênese;  acumulação, fósforo (Ph), sedex;  sedimento;  diagenesis;  burial;  phosphorus;  sedex;  sediments
Issue Date: 6-Mar-2006
Abstract: This study investigated the phosphorus early diagenesis in coastal sediments from two areas with distinct biogeochemical characteristics in Sepetiba Bay. The area identified as P1 is located near Pedra de Guaratiba village, presenting a strong domestic effluent input, while the area identified as P2 is located in Mazomba River estuary, near Sepetiba harbour. Subtidal sediments were sampled, located in front of mangrove forests. In order to identify and quantify different phosphorus forms (exchangeable, bound to iron, authigenic, detritic and organic) the SEDEX method was used. Physical parameters (sand, silt and clay fractions, umidity, porosity and dry bulk density) and contents of organic matter, organic carbon, total nitrogen and sulfur were determined. Lead-210 activities were also measured to calculate sedimentation rates. Physical parameters generally indicated differences in core compositions. Surface sediments layers with fines, less-dense and higher water contents are two-fold deeper in core P2. The evaluation of C/S rations characterizes cores P1 and P2 as sediments of origin predominantly marine. In upper layers of core P1, more elevated C/Porg ratios are an effect of urban development in Enseada das Garças, implying in a greater organic matter input derived from domestic sewage. In P2 area, these ratios reflect effects of continuous urbanization, growing until approximately 1998 (as indicated by a sedimentation rate calculated as about 0.7 cm yr-1). Sewage is the main organic matter sources in P1 area, which constitutes the major organic phosphorus source. In P2 area, the main sources of phosphorus are the ferric iron phases transported by adjacent rivers. The diverse forms of phosphorus have distinct behaviors between study areas. However, in both areas the predominant phosphorus fraction is that associated with iron oxyhydroxides, followed by the fraction associated with organic matter. Total phosphorus concentrations in surface layers of core P1 are 1.6 fold greater than in core P2. This is explained by a greater sewage influence in P1, whereas in P2 area phosphorus transported by coastal waters is diluted by Mazomba River waters. Consequently, diagenetic processes involving sedimentary phosphorus are different in the two areas, having a greater intensity in P1. There was evidence of phosphorus contamination in the two areas. However, the authigenic apatite precipitation was observed, implying in a phosphorus removal from cycling in the system.
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