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Title: Avaliação de método espectrofotométrico automatizado para a determinação de cianeto total em amostras de efluentes industriais
Keywords: cianeto;  análise por injeção em fluxo;  espectrofotometria;  efluentes industriais;  cyanide, flow injection analysis, spectrophotometry, industrial wastes
Issue Date: 23-Sep-2005
Abstract: The work shows a simple and fast analytical method, fast capable of determination of cyanide at low detection limits in an oil refinery industrial waste samples. The used process was based on the reaction proposal for Nagaraja, Kumar, Yathirajan e Prakash (2002). The detection and determination of low amounts of cyanide ions is important due to its high toxicity to living matter. The low cyanide detection levels established by enviromental protecion agencies for industrial wastes, demand the development of accurate and selective analytical methods. Measurement of cyanide was carried out after pretreatment of the sample by destillation, as recommended for the APHA (American Public Health Association), releasing cyanide in the form of HCN, which was collected, processed in FIA (Flow Injection Analysis) system and quantified spectrophotometrically. The optimization of the FIA system was done after some stages of study involving interpretation and analysis of the obtained results for concentrations of the reagents, temperature, size of the reactors used in the system and concentration of the standard solution in one of the sampling loops. The FIA system composed two sample valves, one for introduction of a predetermined volume of standard cyanide solution of known concentration and the another for introduction of the calibration solutions or samples. In order to get results, analytical curves were constructed, by using of the cyanide standards containing 0,01 to 0,04 mg.mL-1, which was used in the analysis of the 6 (six) effluent samples of oil refinery. The results were validated by comparison these obtained by using classic methodology recommended by APHA (Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater). The developed method of easy application and of low cost, and can be used with confidence, because the results obtained with the standard method were comparable with the found ones with the automatic spectrophotometric method considered. The detection limit for cyanide was 0,02 μg.mL-1, adequate for the determination of cyanide in industrials effluents.
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