Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://app.uff.br/riuff/handle/1/7789
Title: A morte sobre rodas: gênero, hierarquias sociais e práticas mortuárias nos enterramentos do norte da Bretanha nos séculos IV- III a.C.
Authors: Peixoto, Pedro Vieira da Silva
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor: Tacla, Adriene Baron
metadata.dc.contributor.members: Lima, Alexandre Carneiro Cerqueira
Hirata, Elaine Farias Veloso
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Universidade Federal Fluminense
Abstract: Por volta dos séculos IV-III a.C., homens e mulheres do norte bretão, numa região correspondente, hoje, ao distrito de East Riding of Yorkshire (Inglaterra), foram enterrados de modo diferenciado dos demais membros de suas comunidades. Em suas sepulturas, elaborados veículos de duas rodas foram encontrados, por vezes acompanhados de outros objetos e das ossadas de porcos. O foco, aqui, estará direcionado a discutir exclusivamente esse processo particular de ritualização da morte. O que proponho é analisar e debater a multiplicidade de maneiras nas quais diferenças sociais e gênero são construídos a partir das práticas mortuárias, tendo como objeto de estudo a cultura material vinda dos enterramentos com carros encontrados em Yorkshire. Esta pesquisa objetiva, portanto, estabelecer um diálogo entre os processos de construção de desigualdades e diferenciações sociais e o tratamento post mortem recebido por alguns indivíduos enterrados com carros de duas rodas no norte das Ilhas Britânicas a partir de uma perspectiva de gênero.
metadata.dc.description.abstractother: By the 4th-3rd century B.C., men and women from Britain’s east-northern area (in a place that, nowadays, is the district of East Riding of Yorkshire), were buried in a distinctive way if compared to the other members of their communities. In these graves, two wheeled elaborated vehicles were found, sometimes with other metal objects and the skeletal remains of pigs. The purpose of the present study is to discuss this specific type of death ritualization and the ways it related to the people that practiced it. How can it offer us new insights over the political, cultural, economical and social aspects that were part of these communities? How can death work as an arena of social constructions by (and for) the living? And in which ways the chariot burials can contribute towards a better and a more complex understanding of some of the gender dynamics and constructions during Iron Age in Yorkshire? Using the material culture from the chariot burials of the Yorkshire Wolds as the main source of investigation, my intent is to present an analysis and yield a debate on the multiple ways in which gender and social differences can be constructed through mortuary practices. This study will demonstrate how an interment, much more than a simple reflex of reality, was an important arena for social projections and aspirations. I will argue that chariot burials in British Middle Iron Age were connected to individuals (both the living and the dead) that were capable of grouping, managing and orchestrating material resources, people and different skills and knowledge for particular purposes. From the discussion of the grave goods, the osteological materials, and other elements (such as the internal arrangement of graves, the orientation and position of the objects and the body of the dead, etc.), I will show that chariot burials contain signs and indicators of gender negotiations and that some Iron Age women also played an important role as part of a broad process that dealt with the creations of memories, group distinctions and social recognition.
URI: https://app.uff.br/riuff/handle/1/7789
Appears in Collections:PEH - Teses e Dissertações

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